نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشپژوه دوره دکتری گروه فقه خانواده، مجتمع آموزش عالی بنتالهدی، جامعه المصطفی(ص) العالیمه، قم، ایران/ استادیار گروه فقه، پردیس خواهران دانشگاه امام صادق(ع)، تهران، ایران
2 استاد گروه فقه و مبانی حقوق اسلامی، جامعه المصطفی العالمیه، قم، ایران. (نویسنده مسئول)
عنوان مقاله [English]
According to the verse 35 of Surah Nesa, when the separation is likely to happen between couples, each of the couples needs to choose a person as an arbitrator who judges them. Reform has many and varied examples, and preaching is not sufficient for that. If arbitrators' recommendations are not taken into consideration by the couples, the reform does not happen. This descriptive-documentary study was conducted with the aim of investigating the importance of commitment of couples who want the separation to arbitrators' decisions and determining the execution guarantee of these decisions; thus, valid jurisprudential sources, law and interpretation written sources, and legal documents were reviewed. The results showed that the obligatory implication of the Sharia address, the need to issue an arbitrator and paying attention to the nature of arbitration, the necessity of following judges' decisions, and the necessity of fulfilling the conditions that are set for the reform of relationships, are confirmed. Jurisprudentially, the execution guarantee can be a Tazir from ruler, which in law is confined to the necessity of referring to the judgment. Therefore, the law, in terms of its effectiveness on the arbitration in the divorce referral cases, needs to fill the gap and provide the execution guarantees that are consistent with couples' relationships.
* قرآن کریم (1382). مترجم: الهی قمشهای: مهدی. قم: نگارش.