نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی زبانشناسی، گروه زبان انگلیسی، واحد قم، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قم، ایران.
2 دانشیار گروه زبان انگلیسی و مطالعات بین فرهنگی، دانشگاه باقرالعلوم، قم، ایران. (نویسنده مسئول)
3 استادیار گروه زبان انگلیسی، واحد قم، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قم، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
This qualitative study was conducted with the purpose of investigating gender in female and male narratives of war from the perspective of critical analysis of metaphor with the method of qualitative content analysis; thus, all written scientific sources were studied and conceptual metaphors and schemas applied in six stories about war were extracted. After comparing the metaphors and schemas, the methods of authors' mental conceptualization were identified from the metaphors extracted from their works. After analyzing the data, the types of schemas applied in the stories were extracted on the basis of the role of gender in analyzing the metaphors, the how of conceptualization with the metaphors and hidden insights in storytelling. The results showed that in the works of female writers, the most metaphor is related to ontological metaphor and the least is related to directional one, and in the works of male writers, the most is related to structural metaphor and the least is related to directional one. This difference between men and women in terms of applying the type of metaphor demonstrates the type of their attitude and ability or their greater desire to objectify abstract concepts. According to the results, the mentioned method can be suitable for analyzing the narratives from the perspective of critical analysis of metaphor in the literature of holy defense; because, the schemas on the one hand shows the linguistic constructions and on the other hand indicates the formation of mental images as a result of conceptualization.
Svobodová, L. (2012). Metaphors of War in Business English. Bachelor’s Diploma Thesis. Masaryk University